Less is more
Energy from renewable sources
In addition to the ongoing optimization of processes, Audi also places particular focus on energy-saving measures when planning production and supply facilities as well as buildings. The company’s activities also concentrate on generating energy from renewable sources and improving energy efficiency.
Figures refer to the Ingolstadt, Münchsmünster, Neckarsulm, Brussels, Győr, San José Chiapa (since 2016), Sant’Agata Bolognese (Lamborghini), Bologna (Ducati), Amphur Pluakdaeng (Ducati) (since 2017) sites.
Only car-producing sites including component manufacturing are considered for the specific key figures. The environmental key figures for the respective current year are provisional data, which are replaced by the final result in the following year. In this report, the provisional figures for 2018 were updated with the relevant figures as of year-end 2018.
Intensity of greenhouse gas emissions
The intensity of greenhouse gas emissions relating to automotive production including component manufacturing was 572.99 kg/veh. for the year under review.
The reduction in intensity is due, among other reasons, to the purchase of green electricity in Neckarsulm and Győr. Since January 1, 2020, 100 percent of the electricity taken from the grid by all Audi sites is green electricity.
Direct and indirect Greenhouse gas emissions
A total of 572,804 metric tons of CO₂ were emitted throughout the Audi Group in 2019. This represents a reduction of 7.48 percent on the previous year.
Direct (SCOPE 1) and indirect (SCOPE 2) Greenhouse gas emissions by the Audi Group (in metric tons)
Energy intensity of Audi Group (in MWh/veh)
The energy intensity of the Group relating to automotive production including component manufacturing was 2.67 MWh/veh. for the year under review. As part of energy management, various measures are implemented at the individual sites to secure continuous improvement in energy efficiency.
Energy consumption and fuel use
In the year under review, absolute energy consumption within the organization amounted to 2,677,678 MWh. Compared with the previous year (2018: 2,775,442 MWh), this represents a reduction of around 3.52 percent.
Energy consumption within the Group by type (in MWh)
Total fuel consumption (MWh)
More than CO₂: Other air emissions
As well as the CO₂ emissions at the production locations, Audi measures other emissions that are generated by painting work, by the operation of test rigs, or by existing power generating facilities, for example. The reduction in emissions can be explained by a lower production figure since less vehicle surface was painted (VOC and PM).
CO₂-equivalent savings in logistics
In the 2019 year under review, Audi recorded no major change in general in the total reduction in emissions in the area of logistics from the “green train” with DB Cargo. However, there were deviations in both directions. An increase in emissions savings is primarily attributable to the relocation of production of the A3 Sedan from Győr to Ingolstadt, among other reasons because this resulted in additional transportation of bodies from Hungary to Germany. Counteracting this was a reduction in emissions savings at the Brussels, Ingolstadt, and Neckarsulm plants. The main reason is the sharp-reduction in capacity utilization of the production locations, leading to reduced material and FBU (Fully Built Up) transport. In order to work systematically on cutting greenhouse gas emissions, Audi has been part of the CDP Supply Chain Program via the Volkswagen Group since 2015. Through this program, greenhouse gas emissions are recorded along the entire value chain.
CO₂-equivalent savings in logistics (in t)
Not wasting a litre: Freshwater consumption
A major issue within Audi’s environmental policy is the efficient use of natural resources such as water. In 2019, the Audi Group reduced water consumption significantly in comparison with previous years. One of the main reasons for this was the commissioning of a membrane bioreactor at the Ingolstadt plant.
Audi meets all statutory requirements on monitoring and permit conditions with regard to wastewater discharges. If necessary, wastewater is pretreated or discharged directly into public sewerage systems.
Waste by disposal method
Audi closes material loops where possible in order to reduce waste. Group-wide, a total of 107,389 metric tons of waste (excluding scrap) were generated in the year under review. Year on year, the total volume of waste only increased marginally by 0.29 percent.
Audi was able to further increase the proportion of recyclable waste Group-wide in the year under review, while reducing the proportion of disposable waste substantially. One of the main reasons for this is the paint shop, where a large proportion of the rinsing agents are recycled.
Audi is aware of the various conditions and local statutory requirements concerning the recycling of hazardous waste (2019: 40,683 t) and complies with them.
No major discharges of chemicals, oils, or wastes to the environment occurred during the reporting period.
Total weight of waste by disposal method (in t)
Environmental management in the Audi Group
Audi carefully analyzes the environmental aspects in its worldwide manufacturing network – with the vision of building its cars in carbon-neutral plants by 2025. Along with emissions, Audi looks at all other site-based environmental aspects of operational value creation. The basis of environmentally compatible production at Audi is the environmental and energy management systems that the company has gradually introduced since 1995.
The environmental management system of the European Union, EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Scheme), is installed at almost all European car plants of the Audi Group. Six Audi sites in Germany and seven internationally have management systems accredited according to DIN EN ISO 14001 or DIN EN ISO 50001. (ISO 14001: Neckarsulm, Győr, Brussels, San José Chiapa, Sant’Agata Bolognese, Bologna and São José dos Pinhais sites; ISO 50001: Ingolstadt, Neckarsulm, Győr, Brussels, San José Chiapa, and Sant’Agata Bolognese sites.)
The Board of Management defines the environmental policy, which is binding for AUDI AG sites. Its requirements are reviewed periodically and amended as necessary. It applies to all products, services and activities, and is implemented at all levels of the company.
The Environmental Protection organizational unit coordinates the Audi Group’s activities in the area of ecology and is the central contact for the respective environmental protection bodies of the Volkswagen Group. It develops overarching and strategic regulations and implements these in practice. Environmental protection at the sites comes under the responsibility of the individual environmental protection officers.
Scope of the key figures
Unless otherwise indicated, the environmental key figures are determined on the basis of Volkswagen standard 98000. This standard defines how operational environmental data is to be determined within the Volkswagen Group and its subsidiaries. The aim is to collect and document all environmentally relevant data from all the plants in a comparable manner. The environmental data is primarily based on measurements and calculations. Qualified estimates or projections are used only in exceptional cases. The environmental key figures for the respective current year are provisional data, which are replaced by the final result in the following year.
The values for 2019 are provisional in this report. The values for 2018 are year-end figures: This explains any deviations from the figures for 2018 listed in the Sustainability Report 2018, which were provisional at the time.
AUDI AG is currently working with Volkswagen Group Logistics to develop a uniform accounting method to determine the CO₂ emissions of logistics operations. The Group-wide accounting method has been developed in accordance with DIN EN 16258 and the Greenhouse Gas Protocol. The CO₂ emissions are evaluated using impact factors such as distance, payload, equipment, and capacity utilization.
The scope of the environmental key figures relates to the production sites of the Audi Group. Unless otherwise indicated, these are the following plants: Ingolstadt, Münchsmünster, Neckarsulm, Brussels, Győr, San José Chiapa, Sant’Agata Bolognese (Lamborghini), Bologna (Ducati) and Amphur Pluakdaeng (Ducati).Only car-producing sites including component manufacturing are considered for the specific key figures. In addition to the environmental data of the Audi Group (including Ducati motorcycle production at Bologna and Amphur Pluakdaeng), the environmental data of the car production locations (Ingolstadt, Münchsmünster, Neckarsulm, Brussels, Győr, and Sant’Agata Bolognese sites; including San José Chiapa) is also shown separately for better comprehensibility.